This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).

Country
Net migration rate(migrant(s)/1,000 population)
 
Afghanistan 21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Albania -4.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Algeria -0.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
American Samoa -6.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Andorra 6.89 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Angola 1.34 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Anguilla 14.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Antigua and Barbuda 2.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Argentina 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Armenia -4.56 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Aruba 9.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Australia 6.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Austria 1.85 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Azerbaijan -1.69 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Bahamas, The -2.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Bahrain 0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Bangladesh -2.53 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Barbados -0.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Belarus 0.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Belgium 1.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Belize NA (2009 est.)
 
Benin 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Bermuda 2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Bhutan NA (2009 est.)
 
Bolivia -1.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Botswana 5 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2009 est.)
 
Brazil -0.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
British Virgin Islands 8.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Brunei 2.69 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Bulgaria -3.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Burkina Faso NA (2009 est.)
 
Burma NA
 
Burundi 4.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Cambodia NA (2009 est.)
 
Cameroon NA (2009 est.)
 
Canada 5.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Cape Verde -11.67 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Cayman Islands 16.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: major destination for Cubans trying to migrate to the US (2009 est.)
 
Central African Republic NA (2009 est.)
 
Chad -4.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Chile NA (2009 est.)
 
China -0.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Christmas Island NA (2009 est.)
 
Cocos (Keeling) Islands NA (2009 est.)
 
Colombia -0.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Comoros NA (2009 est.)
 
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 1.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Congo, Republic of the -1.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Costa Rica 0.47 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Cote d'Ivoire NA (2009 est.)
 
Croatia 1.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Cuba -1.56 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Cyprus 0.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Czech Republic 0.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Denmark 2.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Djibouti NA (2009 est.)
 
Dominica -5.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Dominican Republic -2.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Ecuador -0.81 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Egypt -0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
El Salvador -3.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Equatorial Guinea NA (2009 est.)
 
Eritrea NA (2009 est.)
 
Estonia -3.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Ethiopia -0.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: repatriation of Ethiopian refugees residing in Sudan is expected to continue for several years; some Sudanese, Somali, and Eritrean refugees, who fled to Ethiopia from the fighting or famine in their own countries, continue to return to their homes (2009 est.)
 
European Union 1.46 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) NA (2009 est.)
 
Faroe Islands -0.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Fiji -2.47 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Finland 0.68 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
France 1.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
French Polynesia 2.73 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Gabon -3.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Gambia, The 0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Gaza Strip 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Georgia -4.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Germany 2.19 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Ghana -0.53 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Gibraltar 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Greece 2.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Greenland -5.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Grenada -10.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Guam NA (2009 est.)
 
Guatemala -2.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Guernsey 3.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Guinea -0.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Guinea-Bissau 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Guyana -7.44 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Haiti -2.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Honduras -1.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Hong Kong 4.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Hungary 0.87 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Iceland 0.83 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
India -0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Indonesia -1.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Iran -2.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Iraq NA (2009 est.)
 
Ireland 4.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Isle of Man 5.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Israel 2.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Italy 2.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Jamaica -5.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Japan NA (2009 est.)
 
Jersey 2.73 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Jordan 5.83 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Kazakhstan -3.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Kenya 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Kiribati NA (2009 est.)
 
Korea, North -0.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Korea, South -0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Kuwait 16.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Kyrgyzstan -2.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Laos NA (2009 est.)
 
Latvia -2.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Lebanon NA (2009 est.)
 
Lesotho -0.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Liberia 5.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Libya NA (2009 est.)
 
Liechtenstein 4.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Lithuania -0.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Luxembourg 8.44 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Macau 14.56 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Macedonia -0.52 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Madagascar NA (2009 est.)
 
Malawi NA (2009 est.)
 
Malaysia NA
note: does not reflect net flow of an unknown number of illegal immigrants from other countries in the region (2009 est.)
 
Maldives -12.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Mali -5.67 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Malta 2.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Marshall Islands -5.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Mauritania -0.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Mauritius -0.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Mayotte 1.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Mexico -3.61 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Micronesia, Federated States of -21.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Moldova -1.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Monaco 7.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Mongolia NA (2009 est.)
 
Montserrat NA
 
Morocco -0.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Mozambique NA (2009 est.)
 
Namibia 0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Nauru NA (2009 est.)
 
Nepal -3.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Netherlands 2.46 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Netherlands Antilles -0.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
New Caledonia NA
note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2009 est.)
 
New Zealand 2.46 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Nicaragua -1.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Niger -0.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Nigeria -0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Niue NA (2009 est.)
 
Norfolk Island NA (2009 est.)
 
Northern Mariana Islands 6.47 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Norway 1.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Oman 0.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Pakistan -0.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Palau 0.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Panama -0.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Papua New Guinea NA (2009 est.)
 
Paraguay -0.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Peru -0.95 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Philippines -1.34 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Pitcairn Islands NA (2009 est.)
 
Poland -0.47 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Portugal 3.14 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Puerto Rico -0.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Qatar -3.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Romania -0.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Russia 0.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Rwanda 2.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Saint Helena NA (2009 est.)
 
Saint Kitts and Nevis -1.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Saint Lucia -4.14 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Saint Pierre and Miquelon -4.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines -11.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Samoa -8.81 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
San Marino 10.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Sao Tome and Principe -1.81 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Saudi Arabia -7.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Senegal 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Serbia 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
 
Seychelles 1.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Sierra Leone 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: refugees currently in surrounding countries are slowly returning (2009 est.)
 
Singapore 5.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Slovakia 0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Slovenia 0.52 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Solomon Islands NA (2009 est.)
 
Somalia 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
South Africa -0.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2009 est.)
 
Spain 0.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Sri Lanka -1.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Sudan 0.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Suriname -0.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Svalbard NA (2009 est.)
 
Swaziland NA (2009 est.)
 
Sweden 1.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Switzerland 1.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Syria NA (2009 est.)
 
Taiwan 0.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Tajikistan -1.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Tanzania -1.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Thailand NA (2009 est.)
 
Timor-Leste NA (2009 est.)
 
Togo NA (2009 est.)
 
Tokelau NA (2009 est.)
 
Tonga NA (2009 est.)
 
Trinidad and Tobago -7.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Tunisia -0.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Turkey 0.56 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Turkmenistan -1.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Turks and Caicos Islands 9.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Tuvalu NA (2009 est.)
 
Uganda -8.83 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Ukraine -0.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
United Arab Emirates 22.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
United Kingdom 2.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
United States 4.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Uruguay -0.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Uzbekistan -2.94 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Vanuatu NA (2009 est.)
 
Venezuela -0.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Vietnam -0.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Virgin Islands -5.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Wallis and Futuna -6.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2009 est.)
 
West Bank 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Yemen NA (2009 est.)
 
Zambia -2.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
 
Zimbabwe NA
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2009 est.)

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Source:
 
• Note: Information for the US and US dependencies was complied from material in the public domain and does not represent Solidary Foundation estimates.

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