This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region.

Country
Population
 
Afghanistan 33,609,937 (July 2009 est.)
 
Akrotiri approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK-based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
 
Albania 3,639,453 (July 2009 est.)
 
Algeria 34,178,188 (July 2009 est.)
 
American Samoa 65,628 (July 2009 est.)
 
Andorra 83,888 (July 2009 est.)
 
Angola 12,799,293 (July 2009 est.)
 
Anguilla 14,436 (July 2009 est.)
 
Antarctica no indigenous inhabitants, but there are both permanent and summer-only staffed research stations
note: 29 nations, all signatory to the Antarctic Treaty, operate through their National Antarctic Program a number of seasonal-only (summer) and year-round research stations on the continent and its nearby islands south of 60 degrees south latitude (the region covered by the Antarctic Treaty); the population doing and supporting science or engaged in the management and protection of the Antarctic region varies from approximately 4,400 in summer to 1,100 in winter; in addition, approximately 1,000 personnel, including ship's crew and scientists doing onboard research, are present in the waters of the treaty region; peak summer (December-February) population - 4,490 total; Argentina 667, Australia 200, Australia and Romania jointly 13, Belgium 20, Brazil 40, Bulgaria 18, Chile 359, China 90, Czech Republic 20, Ecuador 26, Finland 20, France 125, France and Italy jointly 60, Germany 90, India 65, Italy 102, Japan 125, South Korea 70, NZ 85, Norway 44, Peru 28, Poland 40, Russia 429, South Africa 80, Spain 50, Sweden 20, Ukraine 24, UK 217, US 1,293, Uruguay 70 (2008-2009); winter (June-August) station population - 1,106 total; Argentina 176, Australia 62, Brazil 12, Chile 114, China 29, France 26, France and Italy jointly 13, Germany 9, India 25, Japan 40, South Korea 18, NZ 10, Norway 7, Poland 12, Russia 148, South Africa 10, Ukraine 12, UK 37, US 337, Uruguay 9 (2009); research stations operated within the Antarctic Treaty area (south of 60 degrees south latitude) by National Antarctic Programs: year-round stations - 40 total; Argentina 6, Australia 3, Brazil 1, Chile 6, China 2, France 1, France and Italy jointly 1, Germany 1, India 1, Japan 1, South Korea 1, NZ 1, Norway 1, Poland 1, Russia 5, South Africa 1, Ukraine 1, UK 2, US 3, Uruguay 1 (2009); a range of seasonal-only (summer) stations, camps, and refuges - Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brazil, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Poland, Romania (with Australia), Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, UK, US, and Uruguay (2008-2009); in addition, during the austral summer some nations have numerous occupied locations such as tent camps, summer-long temporary facilities, and mobile traverses in support of research (May 2009 est.)
 
Antigua and Barbuda 85,632 (July 2009 est.)
 
Argentina 40,913,584 (July 2009 est.)
 
Armenia 2,967,004 (July 2009 est.)
 
Aruba 103,065
note: estimate based on a revision of the base population, fertility, and mortality numbers, as well as a revision of 1985-99 migration estimates from outmigration to inmigration, which is assumed to continue into the future; the new results are consistent with the 2000 census (July 2009 est.)
 
Ashmore and Cartier Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh water at Ashmore Reef's West Island; access to East and Middle Islands is by permit only
 
Australia 21,262,641 (July 2009 est.)
 
Austria 8,210,281 (July 2009 est.)
 
Azerbaijan 8,238,672 (July 2009 est.)
 
Bahamas, The 309,156
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Bahrain 727,785
note: includes 235,108 non-nationals (July 2009 est.)
 
Bangladesh 156,050,883 (July 2009 est.)
 
Barbados 284,589 (July 2009 est.)
 
Belarus 9,648,533 (July 2009 est.)
 
Belgium 10,414,336 (July 2009 est.)
 
Belize 307,899 (July 2009 est.)
 
Benin 8,791,832
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Bermuda 67,837 (July 2009 est.)
 
Bhutan 691,141
note: the Factbook population estimate is consistent with the first modern census of Bhutan, conducted in 2005; previous Factbook population estimates for this country, which were on the order of three times the total population reported here, were based on Bhutanese government publications that did not include the census (July 2009 est.)
 
Bolivia 9,775,246 (July 2009 est.)
 
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,613,414 (July 2009 est.)
 
Botswana 1,990,876
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Bouvet Island uninhabited
 
Brazil 198,739,269
note: Brazil conducted a census in August 2000, which reported a population of 169,872,855; that figure was about 3.8% lower than projections by the US Census Bureau, and is close to the implied underenumeration of 4.6% for the 1991 census (July 2009 est.)
 
British Indian Ocean Territory no indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 1,200 former agricultural workers resident in the Chagos Archipelago, often referred to as Chagossians or Ilois, were relocated to Mauritius and the Seychelles in the 1960s and 1970s; in November 2004, approximately 4,000 UK and US military personnel and civilian contractors were living on the island of Diego Garcia
 
British Virgin Islands 24,491 (July 2009 est.)
 
Brunei 388,190 (July 2009 est.)
 
Bulgaria 7,204,687 (July 2009 est.)
 
Burkina Faso 15,746,232
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Burma 48,137,741
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Burundi 8,988,091
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Cambodia 14,494,293
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Cameroon 18,879,301
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Canada 33,487,208 (July 2009 est.)
 
Cape Verde 429,474 (July 2009 est.)
 
Cayman Islands 49,035
note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman (July 2009 est.)
 
Central African Republic 4,511,488
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Chad 10,329,208 (July 2009 est.)
 
Chile 16,601,707 (July 2009 est.)
 
China 1,338,612,968 (July 2009 est.)
 
Christmas Island 1,402 (July 2009 est.)
 
Clipperton Island uninhabited
 
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 596 (July 2009 est.)
 
Colombia 45,644,023 (July 2009 est.)
 
Comoros 752,438 (July 2009 est.)
 
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 68,692,542
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Congo, Republic of the 4,012,809
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Cook Islands 11,870 (July 2009 est.)
 
Coral Sea Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a staff of three to four at the meteorological station on Willis Island (July 2007 est.)
 
Costa Rica 4,253,877 (July 2009 est.)
 
Cote d'Ivoire 20,617,068
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Croatia 4,489,409 (July 2009 est.)
 
Cuba 11,451,652 (July 2009 est.)
 
Cyprus 796,740 (July 2009 est.)
 
Czech Republic 10,211,904 (July 2009 est.)
 
Denmark 5,500,510 (July 2009 est.)
 
Dhekelia approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK Based Contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
 
Djibouti 516,055 (July 2009 est.)
 
Dominica 72,660 (July 2009 est.)
 
Dominican Republic 9,650,054 (July 2009 est.)
 
Ecuador 14,573,101 (July 2009 est.)
 
Egypt 83,082,869 (July 2009 est.)
 
El Salvador 7,185,218 (July 2009 est.)
 
Equatorial Guinea 633,441 (July 2009 est.)
 
Eritrea 5,647,168 (July 2009 est.)
 
Estonia 1,299,371 (July 2009 est.)
 
Ethiopia 85,237,338
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
European Union 491,582,852 (July 2009 est.)
 
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 3,140 (July 2008 est.)
 
Faroe Islands 48,856 (July 2009 est.)
 
Fiji 944,720 (July 2009 est.)
 
Finland 5,250,275 (July 2009 est.)
 
France total: 64,057,792
note: 62,150,775 in metropolitan France (July 2009 est.)
 
French Polynesia 287,032 (July 2009 est.)
 
French Southern and Antarctic Lands no indigenous inhabitants
Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): has no permanent residents but has a meteorological station
Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): is uninhabited but is frequently visited by fishermen and has a scientific research cabin for short stays
Iles Crozet: are uninhabited except for 18 to 30 people staffing the Alfred Faure research station on Ile del la Possession
Iles Kerguelen: 50 to 100 scientists are located at the main base at Port-aux-Francais on Ile Kerguelen
Bassas da India (Iles Eparses): uninhabitable
Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island (Iles Eparses): a small French military garrison and a few meteorologists on each possession; visited by scientists
Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses): uninhabited, except for visits by scientists
 
Gabon 1,514,993
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Gambia, The 1,782,893 (July 2009 est.)
 
Gaza Strip 1,551,859 (July 2009 est.)
 
Georgia 4,615,807 (July 2009 est.)
 
Germany 82,329,758 (July 2009 est.)
 
Ghana 23,832,495
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Gibraltar 28,034 (July 2009 est.)
 
Greece 10,737,428 (July 2009 est.)
 
Greenland 57,600 (July 2009 est.)
 
Grenada 90,739 (July 2009 est.)
 
Guam 178,430 (July 2009 est.)
 
Guatemala 13,276,517 (July 2009 est.)
 
Guernsey 65,870 (July 2009 est.)
 
Guinea 10,057,975 (July 2009 est.)
 
Guinea-Bissau 1,533,964 (July 2009 est.)
 
Guyana 772,298
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Haiti 9,035,536
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Heard Island and McDonald Islands uninhabited
 
Holy See (Vatican City) 826 (July 2009 est.)
 
Honduras 7,792,854
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Hong Kong 7,055,071 (July 2009 est.)
 
Hungary 9,905,596 (July 2009 est.)
 
Iceland 306,694 (July 2009 est.)
 
India 1,166,079,217 (July 2009 est.)
 
Indonesia 240,271,522 (July 2009 est.)
 
Iran 66,429,284 (July 2009 est.)
 
Iraq 28,945,657 (July 2009 est.)
 
Ireland 4,203,200 (July 2009 est.)
 
Isle of Man 76,512 (July 2009 est.)
 
Israel 7,233,701
note: includes about 187,000 Israeli settlers in the West Bank, about 20,000 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, and fewer than 177,000 in East Jerusalem (July 2009 est.)
 
Italy 58,126,212 (July 2009 est.)
 
Jamaica 2,825,928 (July 2009 est.)
 
Jan Mayen no indigenous inhabitants
note: personnel operate the Long Range Navigation (Loran-C) base and the weather and coastal services radio station
 
Japan 127,078,679 (July 2009 est.)
 
Jersey 91,626 (July 2009 est.)
 
Jordan 6,342,948 (July 2009 est.)
 
Kazakhstan 15,399,437 (July 2009 est.)
 
Kenya 39,002,772
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Kiribati 112,850 (July 2009 est.)
 
Korea, North 22,665,345 (July 2009 est.)
 
Korea, South 48,508,972 (July 2009 est.)
 
Kosovo 1,804,838 (July 2009 est.)
 
Kuwait 2,691,158
note: includes 1,291,354 non-nationals (July 2009 est.)
 
Kyrgyzstan 5,431,747 (July 2009 est.)
 
Laos 6,834,942 (July 2009 est.)
 
Latvia 2,231,503 (July 2009 est.)
 
Lebanon 4,017,095 (July 2009 est.)
 
Lesotho 2,130,819
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Liberia 3,441,790 (July 2009 est.)
 
Libya 6,310,434
note: includes 166,510 non-nationals (July 2009 est.)
 
Liechtenstein 34,761 (July 2009 est.)
 
Lithuania 3,555,179 (July 2009 est.)
 
Luxembourg 491,775 (July 2009 est.)
 
Macau 559,846 (July 2009 est.)
 
Macedonia 2,066,718 (July 2009 est.)
 
Madagascar 20,653,556 (July 2009 est.)
 
Malawi 14,268,711
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Malaysia 25,715,819 (July 2009 est.)
 
Maldives 396,334 (July 2009 est.)
 
Mali 12,666,987 (July 2009 est.)
 
Malta 405,165 (July 2009 est.)
 
Marshall Islands 64,522 (July 2009 est.)
 
Mauritania 3,129,486 (July 2009 est.)
 
Mauritius 1,284,264 (July 2009 est.)
 
Mayotte 223,765 (July 2009 est.)
 
Mexico 111,211,789 (July 2009 est.)
 
Micronesia, Federated States of 107,434 (July 2009 est.)
 
Moldova 4,320,748 (July 2009 est.)
 
Monaco 32,965 (July 2009 est.)
 
Mongolia 3,041,142 (July 2009 est.)
 
Montenegro 672,180 (July 2009 est.)
 
Montserrat 5,097
note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned (July 2009 est.)
 
Morocco 34,859,364 (July 2009 est.)
 
Mozambique 21,669,278
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected; the 1997 Mozambican census reported a population of 16,099,246 (July 2009 est.)
 
Namibia 2,108,665
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Nauru 14,019 (July 2009 est.)
 
Navassa Island uninhabited
note: transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island
 
Nepal 28,563,377 (July 2009 est.)
 
Netherlands 16,715,999 (July 2009 est.)
 
Netherlands Antilles 227,049 (July 2009 est.)
 
New Caledonia 227,436 (July 2009 est.)
 
New Zealand 4,213,418 (July 2009 est.)
 
Nicaragua 5,891,199 (July 2009 est.)
 
Niger 15,306,252 (July 2009 est.)
 
Nigeria 149,229,090
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Niue 1,398 (July 2009 est.)
 
Norfolk Island 2,141 (July 2009 est.)
 
Northern Mariana Islands 88,662 (July 2009 est.)
 
Norway 4,660,539 (July 2009 est.)
 
Oman 3,418,085
note: includes 577,293 non-nationals (July 2009 est.)
 
Pakistan 176,242,949 (July 2009 est.)
 
Palau 20,796 (July 2009 est.)
 
Panama 3,360,474 (July 2009 est.)
 
Papua New Guinea 6,057,263 (July 2009 est.)
 
Paracel Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered Chinese garrisons
 
Paraguay 6,995,655 (July 2009 est.)
 
Peru 29,546,963 (July 2009 est.)
 
Philippines 97,976,603 (July 2009 est.)
 
Pitcairn Islands 48 (July 2009 est.)
 
Poland 38,482,919 (July 2009 est.)
 
Portugal 10,707,924 (July 2009 est.)
 
Puerto Rico 3,971,020 (July 2009 est.)
 
Qatar 833,285 (July 2009 est.)
 
Romania 22,215,421 (July 2009 est.)
 
Russia 140,041,247 (July 2009 est.)
 
Rwanda 10,473,282
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Saint Barthelemy 7,448 (July 2009 est.)
 
Saint Helena 7,637
note: only Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited (July 2009 est.)
 
Saint Kitts and Nevis 40,131 (July 2009 est.)
 
Saint Lucia 160,267 (July 2009 est.)
 
Saint Martin 29,820 (July 2009 est.)
 
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 7,051 (July 2009 est.)
 
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 104,574 (July 2009 est.)
 
Samoa 219,998
note: prior estimates used official net migration data by sex, but a highly unusual pattern for 1993 lead to a significant imbalance in the sex ratios (more men and fewer women) and a seeming reduction in the female population; the revised total was calculated using a 1993 number that was an average of the 1992 and 1994 migration figures (July 2009 est.)
 
San Marino 30,324 (July 2009 est.)
 
Sao Tome and Principe 212,679 (July 2009 est.)
 
Saudi Arabia 28,686,633
note: includes 5,576,076 non-nationals (July 2009 est.)
 
Senegal 13,711,597 (July 2009 est.)
 
Serbia 7,379,339 (July 2009 est.)
 
Seychelles 87,476 (July 2009 est.)
 
Sierra Leone 6,440,053 (July 2009 est.)
 
Singapore 4,657,542 (July 2009 est.)
 
Slovakia 5,463,046 (July 2009 est.)
 
Slovenia 2,005,692 (July 2009 est.)
 
Solomon Islands 595,613 (July 2009 est.)
 
Somalia 9,832,017
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2009 est.)
 
South Africa 49,052,489
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: the small military garrison on South Georgia withdrew in March 2001 replaced by a permanent group of scientists of the British Antarctic Survey, which also has a biological station on Bird Island; the South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited
 
Spain 40,525,002 (July 2009 est.)
 
Spratly Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered garrisons occupied by personnel of several claimant states
 
Sri Lanka 21,324,791
note: since the outbreak of hostilities between the government and armed Tamil separatists in the mid-1980s, several hundred thousand Tamil civilians have fled the island and more than 200,000 Tamils have sought refuge in the West (July 2009 est.)
 
Sudan 41,087,825 (July 2009 est.)
 
Suriname 481,267 (July 2009 est.)
 
Svalbard 2,116 (July 2009 est.)
 
Swaziland 1,123,913
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Sweden 9,059,651 (July 2009 est.)
 
Switzerland 7,604,467 (July 2009 est.)
 
Syria 20,178,485
note: in addition, about 40,000 people live in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights - 20,000 Arabs (18,000 Druze and 2,000 Alawites) and about 20,000 Israeli settlers (July 2009 est.)
 
Taiwan 22,974,347 (July 2009 est.)
 
Tajikistan 7,349,145 (July 2009 est.)
 
Tanzania 41,048,532
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Thailand 65,905,410
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Timor-Leste 1,131,612
note: other estimates range as low as 800,000 (July 2009 est.)
 
Togo 6,019,877
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Tokelau 1,416 (July 2009 est.)
 
Tonga 120,898 (July 2009 est.)
 
Trinidad and Tobago 1,229,953 (July 2009 est.)
 
Tunisia 10,486,339 (July 2009 est.)
 
Turkey 76,805,524 (July 2009 est.)
 
Turkmenistan 4,884,887 (July 2009 est.)
 
Turks and Caicos Islands 22,942 (July 2009 est.)
 
Tuvalu 12,373 (July 2009 est.)
 
Uganda 32,369,558
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Ukraine 45,700,395 (July 2009 est.)
 
United Arab Emirates 4,798,491
note: estimate is based on the results of the 2005 census that included a significantly higher estimate of net inmigration of non-citizens than previous estimates (July 2009 est.)
 
United Kingdom 61,113,205 (July 2009 est.)
 
United States 307,212,123 (July 2009 est.)
 
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges no indigenous inhabitants
note: public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Johnston Atoll: in previous years, an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel were present; as of May 2005 all US government personnel had left the island
Midway Islands: approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll
Palmyra Atoll: four to 20 Nature Conservancy, US Fish and Wildlife staff, and researchers
 
Uruguay 3,494,382 (July 2009 est.)
 
Uzbekistan 27,606,007 (July 2009 est.)
 
Vanuatu 218,519 (July 2009 est.)
 
Venezuela 26,814,843 (July 2009 est.)
 
Vietnam 86,967,524 (July 2009 est.)
 
Virgin Islands 109,825 (July 2009 est.)
 
Wake Island no indigenous inhabitants
note: since super typhoon IOKE, a small military contingent along with 75 contractor personnel have returned to the island to conduct clean-up and restore basic operations on the island (July 2008 est.)
 
Wallis and Futuna 15,289 (July 2009 est.)
 
West Bank 2,461,267
note: in addition, there are about 187,000 Israeli settlers in the West Bank and fewer than 177,000 in East Jerusalem (July 2009 est.)
 
Western Sahara 405,210
note: estimate is based on projections by age, sex, fertility, mortality, and migration; fertility and mortality are based on data from neighboring countries (July 2009 est.)
 
World 6,790,062,216 (July 2009 est.)
 
Yemen 23,822,783 (July 2009 est.)
 
Zambia 11,862,740
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
 
Zimbabwe 11,392,629
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)

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Source:
 
• Note: Information for the US and US dependencies was complied from material in the public domain and does not represent Solidary Foundation estimates.

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